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?Trinidad Moruga Scorpion? Pepper is the World?s Hottest Measured Chile Pepper at More Than Two Million Scoville Heat Units Paul W. Bosland1, Danise Coon and Gregory Reeves + Author Affiliations Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003 Summary This study established the heat levels for several high-heat chile pepper (Capsicum chinense) varieties (Trinidad Moruga Scorpion, Bhut Jolokia, Trinidad Scorpion, Douglah Trinidad Chocolate, and Trinidad 7-pot Jonah) to determine which variety has the highest average measured heat level and the relatedness of the chile peppers using molecular analysis. In replicated trials with appropriate controls at Las Cruces, NM, results show two ?Trinidad Moruga Scorpion? chile pepper plants reached more than two million Scoville heat units (SHU). This is the first confirmation of chile pepper fruit measuring more than two million SHU. A large range of heat levels was observed among the field plots?further supporting strong environmental effects on chile pepper pungency. ?Trinidad Moruga Scorpion? was significantly hotter than ?Bhut Jolokia?, but ?Trinidad 7-pot Jonah?, ?Douglah Trinidad Chocolate?, and ?Trinidad Scorpion? did not differ significantly from ?Bhut Jolokia?. Molecular analysis with randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers confirmed that the accessions are genetically unique. ?Trinidad Moruga Scorpion? belongs to the species C. chinense and is not the same chile pepper as ?Bhut Jolokia?
Bhut Jolokia Pepper: In fall of 2006, the Guinness Book of Records confirmed that New Mexico State University Regent s Professor Paul Bosland had indeed discovered the world s hottest chile pepper, Bhut Jolokia. Bhut Jolokia, at 1,001,304 Scoville Heat Units (SHU), is nearly twice as hot as Red Savina, the chile pepper variety it replaces as the world s hottest. A New Mexico green chile contains about 1,500 SHUs and an average jalapeno measures at about 10,000 SHUs. The name Bhut Jolokia translates as ghost chile, Bosland said, "it s because the chile is so hot, you give up the ghost when you eat it! Other Names: Bhut Jolokia, Ghost Chili, Ghost Pepper, Naga Morich Caution: The fruits of this chile variety are extremely hot. It is advised to wear gloves when handling the peppers, keep them away from children, and thoroughly clean all kitchen utensils like cutting boards, knives etc. When grinding dreid Jolokias, wear a breathing mask, protect your eyes. Don't touch any sensitive parts before cleaning your hands thoroughly first. And use these peppers sparingly - it is always easier to kick up the heat of a dish than toning it down. The Bhut Jolokia is a naturally-occurring interspecies hybrid from the Assam region of northeastern India. Hence the color, shape, size, texture and heat may vary. It should also be grown isolated from other peppers for the hottest fruit.
Have you ever been stung by a Scorpion? Now from the tropical Island of Trinidad comes the Trinidad Scorpion chile. So hot, it is hotter than the Bhut Jolokia and Naga Morich. The Island of Trinidad is in the Caribbean northeast of Venezuela. Trinidad Scorpion pods have a pebbly skin surface like a Bhut Jolokia or Naga Morich. But are more plump and sometimes have a little tail. The tail gives it the nickname Scorpion .It has a slight fruity and citrus flavor. Trinidad Scorpion Plants produce abundant pods. The pods ripen from green to orange to red. The Trinidad Scorpions most are growing here in the United States are the smaller hotter variety called the Butch T Strain. Back in 2004 a chile grower and sauce maker named Butch Taylor traded with a seed bank. The seeds for the Trinidad Scorpion were from a grower from New Jersey. Butch grew 3 plants and they looked slightly different from the original growers pods. Butch Taylor's peppers were more consistent in shape and most had well defined Scorpion tails. Butch saved all the peppers and seeds from that year and then shared them with people all over the World. Much like Johnny Appleseed instead of apples it was Scorpion seeds. He has been growing them now for over 7 years and many growers like myself have had the benefit of having this pure consistent strain. Butch Taylor is also the owner and creator of Zydeco Sauces from Louisiana. These Butch T Scorpions were tested in late March 2011 and came in at over 1,460,000 Scoville units. So no doubt they are the king for now! Update In June 2011, the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T Pepper beat out its competition from India and Southern England as the hottest pepper in the World. It was made official in the Guinness Book of World Records, measuring a whopping 1,463,700 SHU (SHU = scoville heat units). SHU measure the amount of Capsaicin present in a food. For the purposes of comparison, a typical Habenero peppers has a rating of 100,000-350,000 SHU and a Jalapeno pepper is rated at 3,500-8,000. That makes the Butch T a very HOT pepper!
The World' s Hottest Chilli Pepper , - Trinidad Scorpion Butch T
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